Green Central avatar

Written by

Last updated:

Best Angle for Solar Panels in the UK for Maximum Efficiency

best solar panel angle

Ever wondered how to squeeze every drop of sunlight from your solar panels?

The angle of your panels plays a critical role in their efficiency. In this informative guide from Green Central, we’ll delve into the fascinating world of solar panel tilt, exploring the science behind it and providing actionable tips to optimise your solar energy harvest.

Whether you’re a seasoned solar enthusiast or a curious homeowner considering the getting your solar panel quotes, this blog post will equip you with the knowledge to maximise your solar power potential.

Read on as we uncover the ideal tilt angle for different locations, explore the impact of seasons, and discuss factors to consider for peak performance.

Key Takeaways

  • The optimal angle for solar panels in the UK is approximately 35 degrees, oriented southward, to maximise sunlight capture and efficiency.
  • Seasonal and regional adjustments to the solar panel tilt can further optimise energy generation, with practical changes in their angle depending on summer or winter conditions.
  • Ground-mounted and wall-mounted solar panels offer alternative solutions when rooftop installations are unsuitable, providing flexibility in terms of placement and accessibility for maintenance.

Discover the Best Angle for Solar Panels in the UK

The best solar panels thrive when basking in the sun’s embrace, and in the UK, the best angle for these sun-chasing devices is between 20° and 50°, with the sweet spot hovering around 35 degrees.

Such a stance ensures they capture as much sunlight as possible throughout the day, converting it efficiently into electricity.

Coupled with the optimal direction—facing south—your solar panels can soak up the golden rays, turning your south-facing roof into a powerhouse of renewable energy.

This perfect alignment between your solar panels and the sun’s journey across the sky is not just about maximising output; it’s about ensuring your solar power system works harmoniously with the rhythms of nature.

Importance of Solar Panel Angle

As we delve into the realms of solar power, this article will be your compass, guiding you through the nuances of positioning solar panels for maximum efficiency if you are trying to offset the cost of new solar panels as quickly as possible

With a focus on angles and orientation, we will explore the factors that influence how well solar panels work, from latitude and seasonal variations to the unique characteristics of your home’s roof.

So, whether you’re planning to install solar panels or optimise an existing solar panel system, this insightful guide will shed light on achieving the best angle and direction for your solar panels in the UK.

The angle of your solar panels is the linchpin to unlocking their full potential. Think of the solar panel angle as a dial, tuning into the sun’s energy: set it correctly, and you amplify solar generation.

An optimal solar panel angle not only boosts electricity generation but also ensures you are harnessing solar power as effectively as possible. It’s a delicate balance, influenced by the sun’s dance across the sky and the seasonal shifts that change the landscape of solar radiation.

But why is this so crucial? Because the angle at which sunlight strikes your panels can either be a gentle caress or a direct hit, and it’s the latter that fills your electricity bill with sunny smiles.

Optimal Solar Panel Angle in the UK

Picture your solar panels as sunflowers in a field, instinctively tilting to catch the perfect angle of sunlight. In the UK, this ideal tilt is approximately 35 degrees—a carefully calculated stance that balances the sun’s seasonal journey with the UK’s geographic character.

Yet, this isn’t a one-size-fits-all situation. Variations abound based on your specific location within the UK’s tapestry of climates.

From London to Scotland, the optimal angles have subtle differences that can refine your solar panel system’s effectiveness. Let’s dive deeper and understand how seasonal adjustments and regional variations can influence these optimal angles.

Seasonal Adjustments

As the Earth tilts on its axis, the sun’s position in the sky waltzes through the seasons, prompting a need for seasonal adjustments to your solar panel angle.

During the summer solstice, the sun graces us with its high arc across the sky, calling for a lower tilt to your panels. Conversely, as the winter solstice approaches, a steeper angle is preferred to capture the sun’s lower trajectory.

This choreography of adjusting angles—adding or subtracting 15 degrees from the standard tilt—ensures your panels are always aligned with the sun’s seasonal variations, optimising your annual output.

Regional Variations

While solar panels across the UK benefit from a tilt within the golden range of 35 to 40 degrees, your specific location whispers its own secrets for optimisation. Sunlight in the southern regions, closer to the equator’s embrace, demands slightly less tilt than the northern landscapes, where the sun hangs lower in the sky.

These regional variations are critical to consider, as they can influence your solar system’s performance.

Understanding your home’s geographic nuances, whether it be in the sunnier South or the more mountainous North, allows you to tailor your solar panels’ angle for that perfect sun-soaked touch.

Calculating the Best Angle for Your Location

Every home is a unique canvas, and the best angle for your solar panels is a stroke of paint that depends on your location’s latitude.

To pinpoint your ideal solar panel angle, start with the numbers: find the latitude of your address or post code. Then, let the seasons guide you—adjust this angle to welcome the summer’s high sun and embrace the winter’s low embrace.

With these calculations, you transform a simple solar panel installation into a fine-tuned instrument of renewable energy, capturing every ray of light with precision and optimising solar panel output.

Summer vs Winter Angles

The transition from summer’s warmth to winter’s chill brings a shift in the sun’s path, and with it, a change in the optimal angle for your solar panels. In the sunny months, the formula is simple: start with your latitude, multiply by 0.9, and subtract 23.5 degrees to bask in the abundance of summer light.

As the days shorten and the nights grow longer in the northern hemisphere, reverse the equation by adding 29 degrees to the same 90% of your latitude, angling your panels to catch the scarce winter rays.

This seasonal choreography of angles ensures your solar panels dance gracefully with the sun throughout the year, optimising energy capture.

Using Online Tools

In the digital age, online tools and calculators serve as your personal solar consultants, offering precise adjustments that consider your locale’s specific details.

By inputting your postcode into these savvy algorithms, you can discover not just the optimal tilt angles for each season, but also the potential savings a solar system could usher into your life.

Websites like The Footprint Hero offer these calculator tools, transforming the complex dance of solar angles into a simple step-by-step process tailored to your UK home.

Solar Panel Orientation

While the angle of your solar panels is vital, their orientation—whether they face the rising sun in the east, the setting sun in the west, or the southern sky—plays a starring role in your solar system’s performance.

In the UK, the southward stance is the ideal direction, ensuring your panels enjoy the sun’s company for the longest time each day.

However, not all homes are perfectly aligned with the cardinal points, and this is where the magic of adaptation comes into play. Let’s explore how east-west facing and even north-facing panels can still contribute to your home’s energy symphony.

East-West Facing Panels

If your home’s roof doesn’t perfectly align with the south, don’t fret—east and west-facing panels can still perform their solar serenade. Oriented to greet the morning and evening light, these panels can capture significant solar energy, albeit slightly less than their south-facing counterparts.

Yet, they offer a unique benefit: a more even distribution of power generation throughout the day, which can be particularly advantageous for households with morning or evening peaks in electricity usage.

With thoughtful planning, east-west solar systems can be a harmonious solution for homes that cannot accommodate the ideal southern orientation.

North-Facing Panels

North-facing solar panels, while the least favourable due to their limited direct sunlight exposure, can still play a part in your renewable energy mix.

By increasing their tilt to around 60 degrees, these panels can make the most of indirect light, especially during those times when the sun is shy and lower in the sky.

Tilt racks and other adjustments can extend their performance, proving that even in less-than-ideal conditions, solar panels can contribute to reducing your electricity bills and carbon footprint.

Special Considerations for Different Roof Types

The type of roof crowning your home can influence the way solar panels are installed and, subsequently, their efficiency. Whether you have a flat roof that offers a blank slate for installation or a pitched roof that follows the contours of your abode, each comes with its own set of considerations.

From the resilience of asphalt shingles to the robustness of metal surfaces, your roof’s material plays a role in how solar panels are attached and angled for maximum sunlight capture.

Let’s explore the nuanced differences between flat and pitched roofs and how they impact solar panel installation.

Flat Roofs

Flat roofs present a unique landscape for solar panels, offering unobstructed sky views but requiring a little ingenuity to reach optimal angles. Specialised racking systems can elevate your flat roof panels to the desired 10-degree slope, ensuring they stay clean and efficient with the help of rainfall.

While this arrangement may not match the perfect tilt, it is a strategic compromise that maximises sunlight absorption and minimises the challenges of pooling water and debris accumulation.

Always remember, the strength of your flat roof is paramount, as it must carry the weight of your solar aspirations.

Pitched Roofs

Pitched roofs, with their intrinsic tilt, can naturally align closer to the optimal solar panel angle. However, steeply pitched roofs may necessitate either a flat installation or additional racking to achieve the best solar capture.

This balancing act between the roof’s design and the solar panels’ needs ensures that even the most dramatically sloped roofs can embrace the sun’s energy, contributing to your home’s green energy profile.

Ground-Mounted Solar Panels

For those with the luxury of land, ground-mounted solar panels offer a canvas of possibilities, unbound by the constraints of rooftop installations. With the freedom to choose the perfect size, angle, and orientation, ground-mounted systems can outshine their roof-mounted counterparts in efficiency.

Ground-mounted solar panels offer the following advantages:

  • They can track the sun’s path for maximum energy production
  • They can be adjusted for the perfect tilt to optimise energy generation
  • They are easily accessible for maintenance and cleaning
  • They can be installed in areas with shading issues or limited roof space

These installations embody flexibility and accessibility—key ingredients in the pursuit of a robust solar power system.

But what does it take to plant these energy harvesters firmly on terra firma?

Installation Requirements

Like any well-rooted structure, ground-mounted solar panels require a strong foundation—both literally and bureaucratically. Before you can bask in their energy-producing glory, you’ll need to ensure you have ample open space, assess the ground’s suitability, and navigate the maze of local regulations.

Choosing the correct mounting structure, whether it’s a metal A-frame or a ballasted box, is crucial for optimal efficiency and longevity.

Ground-mounted solar panels are not just about generating electricity; they’re a statement of commitment to renewable energy.

Efficiency and Accessibility

Ground-mounted solar panels come with the added convenience of easy access for cleaning and maintenance, eliminating the risks associated with rooftop work. Furthermore, if your energy needs grow, these systems can be scaled up with ease, making them a future-proof choice for expanding your solar generation capabilities.

With careful planning, including accounting for cable trenches and shading considerations, ground-mounted panels can serve as a reliable and efficient source of clean energy for your property.

Wall-Mounted Solar Panels

When rooftops are unsuitable, walls step in as the next frontier for solar panel installation. Wall-mounted solar panels can provide a viable alternative, especially for buildings where structural integrity or shading issues render roofs ineffective.

With solar panels installed on the walls and the right brackets, along with a thoughtful approach to tilting, these vertically aligned panels can still capture a significant amount of sunlight, transforming an otherwise unused space into an energy-generating asset.

But what are the best practices for ensuring these wall-mounted panels reach their highest potential?

Optimal Angles for Walls

To maximise their sun-catching capabilities, wall-mounted solar panels should aim for an optimum solar panel angle of around 60 degrees, particularly effective when the sun sits lower in the sky. This steeper angle is akin to opening your arms wide to the low winter sun, embracing every precious beam throughout the shorter days.

While reaching the optimal angle on walls presents its challenges, the outcome is a significant contribution to your home’s energy needs, proving that every surface has the potential to be part of your sustainable energy solution.

Challenges and Solutions

Although wall-mounted panels expand your solar possibilities, they come with their own set of hurdles. Some challenges to consider include:

  • Securing these panels requires robust wall anchors, which can add complexity and cost to the installation process compared to their rooftop counterparts.
  • The weight of the panels may require additional structural support for the wall.
  • The angle and orientation of the wall may not be ideal for maximising solar energy production.
  • Shading from nearby buildings or trees may affect the efficiency of the panels.

However, with meticulous planning and an allocation for the additional expenses, these challenges can be overcome, ensuring that your vertical solar array stands strong against the elements while contributing to your electricity bill savings.

Impact of Non-Optimal Angles and Orientations

Even with the best intentions, not all solar panel installations can achieve the ideal angle or orientation. Non-optimal setups can lead to a dip in efficiency, meaning your solar panels may not perform at their full potential. This can be due to various factors, such as architectural limitations or surrounding obstructions.

But fear not, for solar technology is forgiving, and there are ways to mitigate these inefficiencies and still reap the benefits of solar energy. Let’s explore the loss of efficiency that can occur and the strategies to counteract it.

Loss of Efficiency

The reality of straying from the optimum angle is a reduction in how much energy your panels can generate. A deviation of just 10 to 15 degrees from the ideal range can translate to a 1-1.5% drop in efficiency. When panels lay flat on a roof, there’s roughly a 10% compromise on their potential output.

While wall-mounted panels present a steeper challenge due to their verticality, they still contribute to your home’s energy mix, albeit with reduced sunlight exposure throughout the day. Understanding these nuances allows for informed decisions and realistic expectations of your solar panel system’s performance.

Mitigation Strategies

Mitigating the effects of suboptimal angles and orientations involves a strategic approach. Take the time to consider potential obstacles, such as trees or buildings, that might cast a shadow over your solar aspirations. While altering the angle seasonally can be challenging for fixed installations, there are still ways to maximise efficiency through careful planning and installation techniques.

By embracing these strategies, you can ensure your solar panels are positioned to capture as much sunlight as possible, even if conditions are less than perfect.


We’ve journeyed through the intricacies of solar panel angles and orientations, unraveling the secrets to optimising these silent powerhouses for the UK’s diverse climate. From the ideal tilt of 35 degrees to the various adjustments for seasons and regions, the quest for the perfect angle is a testament to the adaptability of solar technology.

Whether your panels adorn your roof, grace your garden, or cling to your walls, each setup offers a path to greener living and energy independence. Embrace the power of the sun, and let your solar panels be a beacon of sustainability for years to come.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the best angle for solar panels in the UK?

In the UK, the best angle for solar panels is typically between 20° and 50°, with around 35 degrees being the sweet spot for maximising sunlight capture throughout the year. This angle allows for optimal energy production from solar panels.

Can I still generate solar energy with east or west-facing panels?

Yes, east or west-facing solar panels can still generate significant energy, although they may produce around 20% less than south-facing panels. They are a viable option if south-facing orientation is not possible.

Are ground-mounted solar panels more efficient than roof-mounted ones?

Yes, ground-mounted solar panels can be more efficient than roof-mounted systems due to better positioning and maintenance. They also offer the flexibility to scale up if necessary.

How does the efficiency of solar panels change with non-optimal angles?

The efficiency of solar panels decreases with non-optimal angles, resulting in a 1-1.5% efficiency loss for angles 10-15 degrees off the optimal range and about a 10% reduction in output for flat installations compared to the optimal slope.

What can I do if my roof isn’t suitable for solar panels?

Consider alternative installations like ground-mounted or wall-mounted solar panels if your roof isn’t suitable due to structural issues or shading. These options will still allow you to harness solar energy effectively.

Green Central avatar

Written by

Read some of our superb solar panel installation reviews from Trustpilot

Recently had solar panels fitted by Green Central and I can’t speak highly enough of the team. The whole experience has been trouble free and I would recommend them to anyone thinking about having solar panels installed – 10/10!

Rob Schofield


Our installation is now complete! 8 solar panels fitted and the journey from initial consultation through to the end product has been seamless.
Hats off Green central, Credit where it’s due.
Will definitely spread the word!



Recently had six solar panels fitted on my house by Green Central and I couldn’t have asked for a better service. In particular, I have to highlight the exceptional communications through out, the over all smooth running process and completely stress free experience, all down to Green Central. I now have grid independence which is valuable beyond estimation.


Name *
Email *
Phone No. *
Post Code *
Name *
Email *
Phone No. *
Post Code *